The result of two years of negotiations between the components of the majority of the mayor of Paris Anne Hidalgo, the initial version of the future local urban plan (PLU) of the French capital was adopted, Monday, June 5 in the evening, by the Council from the city.
This 3,000-page text, which is to serve as a reference for the examination of building permits and the development of the city, aims to outline the future of the capital by 2035-2040, so that it either “better adapted to climate change”underlines the town hall.
The current PLU dates from 2006, when Bertrand Delanoë was mayor and Anne Hidalgo first deputy. Re-elected in 2020, the latter entrusted her town planning istant, Emmanuel Grégoire, with the conduct of the difficult negotiations with the environmental allies, to revise the voluminous document.
Two major objectives
The first deputy greeted “the first post-Paris agreement urban plan” of 2015 on adaptation to climate change and “global post-Covid”.
The compromise around the PLU called “bioclimatic” devotes two major objectives: to reach in 2035 the bar of 40% of public housing, including 30% of social housing, and to unearth 300 additional hectares of green spaces for the same horizon. This roadmap should enable Paris to remain a city “attractive, pleasant in the coming years despite the acceleration of temperatures”summarized Anne Hidalgo.
The ecologist Emile Meunier (Europe-Ecologie Les Verts) has “a few questions about the ability of Emmanuel Grégoire and Anne Hidalgo to achieve” these 300 hectares more, a “ unrealistic, demagogic objective”, denounces for his part the leader of the opposition Les Républicains, Rachida Dati.
The executive also promises the protection of the 100,000 alignment trees in the capital. According to Emmanuel Grégoire, “the current PLU did not protect the trees”.
On all plots over 150 m2, real estate projects will have to have an increasing share – up to 65% – reserved for open ground. Despite this effort, the future PLU “will not be an anti-construction PLU: it will allow building where there is space. But we focus more on transformation”summed up Emmanuel Grégoire.
The Greens obtained a limitation of future buildings to 37 m in height, from which the Socialists then derogated up to 180 m with the Batignolles court, a Duo tower and the Triangle tower currently under construction, recalled Emile Meunier.
Height limitation of buildings “is already in the current PLU, but it is true that you have deviated from it throughout your mandate”castigated Rachida Dati, for whom “for twenty years, Paris has been densification in densification”.
“You have concreted Paris”
“123,000 Parisians have fled Paris for ten years”recalled M.me Dati, who denounced the 1,500 elevations allowed by the Parisian left since the adoption of the current PLU in 2006, which have “contributed to the disappearance of hollow teeth and our suburban heritage”.
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“Since 2006, you have concreted Paris. It is indisputable and measured”abounded the elected MoDem Maud Gatel, evoking a total of “2.85 million m2 additional, including 1.5 million m2 of offices ».
The revised PLU includes hundreds of ” lozenges “these plots reserved for social housing, green spaces or public facilities, and an obligation of 10% housing for any construction or renovation project of an office building of more than 5,000 m2, a “functional mix” which displeases on the right.
Rachida Dati fears a “acceleration of pre-emption in private property to develop only social housing”.
Once the text has been adopted by the majority, the investigator mandated by the State may “fix some mistakes” And “to groom” the approximately 12,000 localized prescriptions, specified Emmanuel Grégoire before the debates. At the end of the public inquiry, the first deputy aims for a final adoption “end of 2024, beginning of 2025 at the latest”.
The World with AFP