Between relative majority, multiple motions of censure tabled by the opposition, sanctions pronounced against several deputies or even recourse to 49.3 by Prime Minister Elisabeth Borne, this parliamentary year has not been stingy with twists and turns.
The hemicycle, chaired by Yaël Braun-Pivet helped by its numerous vice-presidents representing all the political colors of the embly, was in perpetual ferment. In numbers (source National embly as of June 22, 2023)a look back at a year unlike any other.
251. The number of deputies from the presidential camp (Renaissance and its allies Horizons and MoDem) which therefore only has a relative majority. It does not reach the 289 seats necessary for an absolute majority.
10. The number of parliamentary groups in the National embly with, in descending order, the Renaissance group (171 deputies), the National Rally group (88), the La France insoumise – Nupes group (75), the Les Républicains group (62 ), the Democrat group (51), the Socialists and related group – Nupes (31), the Horizons and related group (29), the Ecologist group – Nupes (23), the Democratic and Republican Left group – Nupes (22), the Liberties, Independents, Overseas and Territories group (21). There are also 4 non-attached deputies.
11. This is the number of times Prime Minister Élisabeth Borne has used article 49 paragraph 3 (which allows the adoption without a vote of a text) for a year, to p the budgetary texts and pension reform. She thus comes in second place among the heads of government who have made the most use of this article. The first is the socialist Michel Rocard who had drawn it 28 times but over four years, between 1988 and 1991.
17. The number of times a motion of censure has been tabled by opposition MPs to force him to resign. A record. All were rejected. That filed on March 20 by the Liot group, after 49.3 on pensions, had failed by nine votes.
18. This is the number of sanctions (calls to order, temporary exclusion, etc.) pronounced by the presidency of the National embly for one year. A record for a single year of legislature. In all, 54 sanctions have been imposed since 1958.
11. The number of Bills (a PJL is on the initiative of the government) adopted for a year without having recourse to 49.3 and outside international texts.
21. The number of bills (a PPL is on the initiative of parliamentarians) definitively adopted, on June 22 (out of nearly 600 in total). 25 others are still in the parliamentary shuttle to this day.