The Battle of Poitiers was a major battle fought in 1356 during the Hundred Years’ War between England and France.
It took place near the city of Poitiers, in modern-day western France. The English army, led by Edward III, defeated the French forces under King John II. This victory marked a turning point in the war, as it allowed the English to gain control over much of northern France.
The battle began on September 19th, 1356 when the English army arrived at Poitiers. The English had around 10,000 men while the French had around 20,000. Despite being outnumbered, the English were able to take advantage of their superior position on the battlefield. They formed a defensive line with archers at the front and knights behind them. This formation proved effective against the French cavalry charges, which were unable to break through the English lines.
The fighting lasted for several hours until finally, the French king was captured by the English. With their leader taken prisoner, the remaining French forces retreated from the field. The English had won a decisive victory and gained control of much of northern France.
The Battle of Poitiers is remembered today as one of the most important battles of the Hundred Years’ War.
It showed that the English could stand up to the powerful French armies and win. It also demonstrated the effectiveness of the longbow, which played an important role in the English victory. Finally, the capture of King John II was a major blow to the French cause and helped ensure that the English would remain in control of northern France for many years to come.